John Fitzgerald was born in County Cork and when a young man left Ireland and come to the United States, locating in Stark County, Ohio, where about two years later he married Hanora Shea, also a native of County Cork, who had come to this country form Ireland about two years before her marriage. After his marriage, John Fitzgerald remained in Stark County until 1872, in which year he moved to Indiana with his family and settled on a farm in Jennings County, where he followed farming the rest of his life, his death occurring in 1893. His widow survived him until 1911. They were the parents of eight children of whom five are still living. Two of the children died in infancy and another, Mrs. Marie Cox, died about 1899. Besides the subject of this sketch those living are Timothy, of Indianapolis; William, of North Vernon, and John and Cornelius, who are farming near Butlerville in Jennings County, this state.
Thomas Fitzgerald was the third son of his parents and was about fourteen years of age when the family moved from Ohio to Indiana and settled in Jennings County. There he completed his schooling and as a young man worked at farm labor in that country, in Bartholomew County and in Fayette County. While working in this county he became acquainted with a young woman who lived just over the line Rush County and in 1887 he married her. After his marriage he rented a farm in Union township, Rush County, and there made his home for ten years. When he was moving onto that farm neighbors tried to tell him that he would find his landlord a hard man to get along with and that he would not stay on the place a year. On the contrary, he found his landlord most agreeable and conditions so much to his liking that he remained on the place until 1897 and might have remained longer had not met with the misfortune of being burned out of house and home on October 15 of that year, with an almost total destruction of his household effects. When the fire broke out a strenuous effort was made to remove the household goods from the burning building, but the piano became jammed in the doorway and thus barred the way of further salvage, very few of the household effects being saved. After the fire Mr. Fitzgerald moved over into this county and occupied the farm which he now owns in Fairview township, a well-improved and profitably cultivated place of one hundred and fifty-one and one-third acres, and there he has made his home ever since. In 1907, about ten years after moving there Mr. Fitzgerald and his family again were burned out, their farm house being destroyed by fire. Following this second misfortune Mr. Fitzgerald built his present substantial house and there his and his family are now very comfortable situated. Mr. Fitzgerald is a Democrat and takes due interest in local political affairs, but has not been a seeker after public office. He is a member of the local lodge of the Improved Order of Red Men and takes a warm interest in the affairs of that organization.
On January 19, 1887, Thomas Fitzgerald was united in marriage to Kittie Belle Wright, who was born on a farm near the eastern line of Rush County across the line from Fairview, and to this union three children have been born, namely: Hanoria, who married Edward Keller, of Connersville, and two children, sons, Francis and Marion; Mary Helen, who married Joseph Theobald, a farmer of the Strawns Station neighborhood and has two sons, Joseph and Maynard, and John Thomas, who married Bertha Johnson and has remains on the home farm, farming with is father.
Mrs. Fitzgerald is a member of one of the old families in this part of the state, her parents, Thomas M. and Matilda C. (Groves) Wright, having been prominent residents of the Fairview neighborhood, where their last days were spent. Thomas M. Wright was a Kentuckian, born near Millersburg, in Bourbon County, June 3, 1833, and there grew to manhood. When a young man he came up into Indiana on a visit to the Bakers, kinsfolk of his, who lived then, as now, in the northeastern part of Fairview township, this county, and there he met Matilda C. Groves, a member of one of the pioneer families of that neighborhood, and from that time on she was “the only girl in the world for him.” They were married on November 30, 1859, and established their home on a farm at the west edge of Fairview, where Mrs. Fitzgerald was born, the old Donovan Groves homestead, where Matilda C. Groves also was born, a daughter of Donovan and Eleanor (Baker) Groves, pioneers of that section and further mention of whom is made elsewhere in this volume. In addition to his general farming Thomas M. Wright also was widely known as a buyer and shipper of livestock and became one of the well-to-do citizens of that part of the county. He was for years a justice of the peace in and for his home township and he and his wife were members of the Christian church, in the various beneficences of which they were interested. Mrs. Wright died on February 4, 1898, and Thomas M. Wright survived her for nearly three years, his death occurring on December 15, 1900.
Submitted by: Kathy Keller
"Barrows History of Fayette County", 1917
Pages 786, 787, 788
MISS MARGARET SHIELDS
Miss Shields is well known to the residents of Connersville township, and her home, adjoining the city of Connersville, is a most beautiful spot, has been in the family for years, and many tender memories cluster around the grand old place. The name is an honored one in Fayette county, Indiana, Miss Shields having secured a warm place in the affections of a wide circle of friends who esteem her for the many estimable qualities she possesses, as well as for the fact that she is the daughter of the late Ralston and Anna (Huston) Shields. Her grandparents were Robert and Nancy Shields, the former a native of Ireland, whence he came to America in early colonial times and prior to the war of the Revolution and there his life was passed.
Ralston Shields was one of a family of seven children and was the first to venture into the western country. He was born in 1790, in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, and remained a resident of the Keystone state until 1817, the year after Indiana was admitted to the Union, when he came here and purchased a tract of land, in Fayette county, some two and half miles west of the present site of Connersville. The following year he returned to his native state and was married to Miss Ann Huston, daughter of William and Margaret Huston, whose relatives fought in the Revolutionary war. He brought his young bride to his Indiana home and there they lived a short time, until he had an opportunity to sell the land to advantage, which he did, buying other property father west in the same township. Here their children were born and reared. His death occurred in 1859, when he was almost seventy years of age. His wife survived him more than a quarter of a century, dying in 1887, at the advanced age of ninety-one year. Ralson Shields was always industrious and upright and enjoyed the confidence and respect of his fellow citizens to a remarkable extent. Both he and his wife were reared in the Presbyterian faith and their lives were patterned after the Divine model. More to be esteemed than all the property left to the children, is the heritage of a good name and worthy parentage with which they endowed them. Six children were born to them, namely: William, Robert, John, James, Benjamin and Margaret. Three of these are living, - Robert, a resident of the state of Kansas; James, a resident of California; and Margaret, our subject, who resides on the homestead which was shared by her twin brother, Benjamin, until his death, in 1896.
Biographical and Genealogical History of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties, Indiana
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
Not all men order their lives to their liking; nor yet are all men true to themselves in living as nearly to their ideals as possible and attaining to such heights as their opportunities and talents render accessible. We now turn to one who has done much and done it well, where in all honor lies. Not a pretentious or exalted life has been his, but one that had been true to itself and its possibilities, and one to which the biographer may revert with a feeling of respect and satisfaction.
Hon. Milton Trusler’s identification with the history of that section of Indiana with which this compilation has to do has been one of ancestral as well as individual nature, and would on that score alone demand consideration in this connection; but such has been his personal prominence in positions of public trust and responsibility; such his influence in furthering the progress and material prosperity of the state at large, that his individual distinction clearly entitles him to representation in this work. Back to that cradle of much of our national history, the Old Dominion, must we turn in tracing the lineage of the subject of this review. He was born in Franklin county, Indiana, on the 31st of October, 1825, the son of Samuel W. and Martha (Curry) Trusler. The original representative of the family in Indiana was James Trusler, grandfather of the subject of this review, who was a native of Virginia, where he was reared to manhood and there married. About the year 1812 he emigrated with his family to the wilds of the Hoosier state, coming to Franklin county and settling on a tract of excellent land in the vicinity of the present little village of Fairfield. Here he developed a good farm, upon which he passed the residue of his days, passing away about the year 1840, at the age of eighty-two. He was a man of strong individuality and upright life, being known as one of the successful and influential farmers of this section, where he was uniformly honored and respected, by reason of his sterling character. In his religious adherency he was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he was a most devout and earnest worker.
In the family of James Trusler were five sons and two daughters. Of these Samuel Wilson Trusler, the father of our subject, was born in Virginia on the 9th of July, 1795, and accompanied his parents on their removal to Indiana in the early pioneer days. In 1830 he removed to Jackson township, Fayette county, this state, where he thereafter continuously devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits until called from the scene of life’s labors. He owned a farm of one hundred and forty acres, which he brought under most effective cultivation, bringing to bear those methods and that judgment which insure success. The old homestead farm is now owned by his son, the subject of this review. Samuel W. Trusler was in politics a stanch supporter of the Whig party, and though he had no predilication for official preferment, he was called upon to serve in certain township offices and was for many years a school director, maintaining a lively concern in all that conserved the public welfare. While other members of the family had clung tenaciously to the tenets of the Methodist church, his intellectual powers led him to adopt somewhat more liberal views, and he became a zealous and devoted member of the Universalist church; ordering his life consistently with the faith which he espoused. The death of Mr. Trusler occurred on his farm August 4, 1846, and the community realized that a true and noble character had been withdrawn from their midst. His devoted wife had been summoned into eternal rest in 1838, at the age of thirty-four years, her birth having occurred on the 4th of July, 1804.
Of the children of Samuel W. and Martha (Curry) Trusler five grew to maturity, and of these we offer the following epitomized record: Nelson, who was born in Franklin county, Indiana, Mary 13, 1822, died at Indianapolis, in 1878, aged fifty-six years. He was one of the representative members of the bar of the state and wielded a wide influence in political affairs. He served for three years in the war of the Rebellion, having held commission as colonel of the Eighty-fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He had held distinguished public preferment, having served as secretary of state and being the incumbent as attorney general of Indiana at the time of his death. He was engaged in the practice of his profession at Connersville for a number of years, after which he removed to the capital city of the state, where his death occurred. The next of the family is Mrs. Mary J. Barnard, widow of William D. Barnard, of Indianapolis. She was born November 9, 1827. Gilbert, who was born in Franklin county, on the 21st of July, 1830, died in Indianapolis. He was a lawyer by profession, and was engaged in practice at Connersville. At the time of the war of Rebellion he effected the organization of the Thirty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, with which he went to the front as captain, being promoted major before the expiration of his term of service. He served a mayor of Connersville, was county clerk for two terms and was Fayette’s county representative in the state legislature. Thomas J. Trusler was born February 11, 1838. Like his brothers, he was a member of the bar of the state, having been engaged in the practice of his profession in Connersville and Liberty for a number of years, after which he located in Indianapolis. He served as deputy secretary of state under his brother Nelson and also under Hon. W. W. Curry.
Of the children who grew to maturity the subject of this review, Milton Trusler, was the second eldest, and his career, like that of his brothers, had conferred dignity and honor upon the state. He was five years of age at the time his parents took up their abode on the farm in Jackson township, and at the old homestead he was reared under the sturdy and invigorating discipline of farm life. It is interesting to revert to the fact that he never wavered in his allegiance to the great basic art of agriculture during the long years of his active business life. It is still more worthy of note that for sixty-five years he lived on the old family homestead, which is still owned by him and from which he removed only when prompted to seek retirement from the active labors protracted over many years and crowned with merited success. Mr. Trusler received his educational training in the common schools, completing a course of study in the high school at Liberty. He assumed the personal responsibilities of practical business life by engaging in the line of enterprise to which he has been reared from his boyhood days. His original farm comprising of sixty-five acres, but he has added to it from time to time, as prosperity attended his industrious and well directed efforts, until he now owns a finely cultivated place of three hundred and twenty acres, well improved with substantial buildings and figuring as one of the most valuable farms in this section of a great agricultural state.
On the 17th of April, 1894, Mr. Trusler removed from his farm to East Connersville, where, in a pleasant home, he is enjoying the rewards of a life of honest and successful endeavor, well deserving that otium cum dignitate which is his portion as the shadows of his life begin to lengthen into the grateful twilight. On the 9th of March, 1848, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Trusler to Miss Isabelle Thompson, a native of Fayette county, and to them were born four sons and four daughters, concerning whom we incorporate the following data: M. Anna became the wife of Daniel Brumfield, a farmer of this county; Laura J., the widow of James M. Backhouse, resides in Connerville; Samuel F. is a farmer of this county; M. Henry, also a farmer of this county; Sidney E. is engaged in mercantile pursuits in Anderson, Indiana; Nina C. is the wife of J. B. Rose, of Miami county, this state; Ira T. is a resident of Connersville; and Juanita is the widow of William A. Stewart, of Connersville.
In conclusion we will glance at the more salient points in the public or official life of Mr. Trusler. In his political proclivities he was originally a supporter of the Whig party, from which he withdrew to place his allegiance with the new and stronger candidate for public favor, the Republican party, of whose principles and policies he has ever since been a zealous advocate. He has wielded a marked influence in the political affairs of this section, and has served in various township offices. In 1872 he was the incumbent as trustee of Jackson township, a position which he resigned upon being elected to represent his county in the legislature, in which he served as a member of the lower house during the sessions of 1872, 1873, 1874 and 1875. His personal popularity and the appreciation of his value as a representative in the legislative councils of the state were manifested soon after his retirement from the lower house, since he became the successful candidate of his party for the state senate, in which he served during the sessions of 1876 and 1877. In the councils of his party and as a legislator he showed himself to be a man of strong intellectuality, broad and exact knowledge and mature and practical judgment. His influence was at all times cast on the side which looked to the conservation of public interests; his views were marked by distinctive wisdom, and the confidence in his personal integrity and ability was unwavering. In 1892 Mr. Trusler was the Republican candidate for the office of secretary of state, in which connection he made a very thorough canvass during the incidental campaign, but he naturally met defeat at the polls, since that year marked one of the most memorable general land-slides in the history of the Republican party. His strength in the state was shown, however, in the fact that he ran two thousand votes ahead of his ticket. He has a large acquaintanceship throughout the state and has a strong hold upon the respect and confidence of the farming class, with whose interests he has naturally had a most pronounced sympathy. He was for seven years master of the state Grange, in which connection he did active and effective work in every section of the state, striving at all times to spur farmers onward to the point of making agriculture and its allied industries occupy the dignified position which is intrinsically due. He has done much to elevate the standard of husbandry in Indiana, and no man is more honored among the agricultural classes.
Mr. Trusler was enrolling officer for Fayette county during the war of the Rebellion and was unflagging in his zeal for the Union cause. Fraternally he is prominently identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being one of the charter members of Everton Lodge, with which he has been connected for more than half a century, and in which he has filled all the chairs, besides representing the lodge a number of times in the grand lodge of the state.
As one of the venerable citizens of Fayette county, and as one whose life has been one of signal usefulness and honor, the publishers of this work realize that even more distinct representation in this connection would not do justice to this well known scion of one of the pioneer families of Indiana, a state which has been honored and enriched by his example.
Biographical and Genealogical History of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties, Indiana
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
The ancestors of Lazarus Munger, a representative citizen of Posey township Fayette county, as far back as their history can be traced in the annals of America, are noted for the sterling traits of character that mark the valuable citizen of this great republic. At al times they have been ready to uphold righteous and just laws, to promote the welfare of the land of their nativity, and, if needful, to lay down their lives on the altar of her liberty and maintenance. The majority of the Mungers have led the quiet, independent lives of agriculturists, though a few marked exceptions to this rule have occurred.
One of the very early pioneers of Ohio was General Edward Munger, the grandfather of our subject. He was born in Connecticut, September 30, 1763, and after his marriage, on the 5th of December, 1785, to Eunice Kellogg, a native of the same state, born August 13, 1767, he resided in the town of Washington, Connecticut, for a few years. Then, removing to Rutland county, Vermont, they dwelt there until the spring of 1798, when they located in Belpre, Washington county, Ohio. A short time subsequently they permanently settled on land purchased by the General in Montgomery county, Ohio, and there he cleared and made a good farm prior to his death, which took place April 14, 1850. He was a man of great enterprise and strong individuality, looked up to and consulted as one having authority. During the war of 1812 he raised and trained a regiment in the defense of the young republic, and for this invaluable service was commissioned brigadier general, being superceded in this position by the celebrated General Hull. Nor did his public services end here, as he was elected and won new honors in the Ohio state legislature, and in local offices. General Munger and his wife, Eunice, were of Puritan ancestry, their forefathers being numbered among the early colonists of New England. The eldest child of this worthy couple, Warren, born in Washington, Connecticut, February 28, 1787, returned to his native state about 1811 for the purpose of studying law, and subsequently was state’s attorney of Miami county, Ohio, besides holding other important local offices. He continued to practice law until 1840, when he retired to his farm, where he resided until his death, in 1877. Truman, born January 19, 1789, came to Indiana in 1821, bought and improved land, which he afterward sold, then removing to the vicinity of Petersburg, Illinois. He bought a farm there, and in 1876 retired from the active duties of life to pass his remaining days in Prairie City, where he died. Edmund K. was the next in order of birth. Minerva, born in Vermont, November 5, 1792, married Judge Amos Ervin, of Ohio, and died April 26, 1874. Reuben, born in Vermont, October 30, 1794, died in Ohio. Elisur and Festus died in infancy. Eunice, born in Montgomery county, Ohio, February 10, 1801, married William McCann, of Ohio, who purchased land in Posey township, this county, and sold the property after making some improvements. He then turned his attention to brick-making, and later carried on a farm which he bought in Rush county, this state. There his wife died, in 1841, and after marrying again he went to Iowa, where his last days were passed. Sarah, born in Ohio, March 15, 1803, died September 12, 1883. She became the wife of Elam Ervin, an Ohio farmer, born November 17, 1801. At an early period they went to Rush county, this state, where he died when but forty years of age. Festus E., born April 11, 1805, was a farmer, and died in Dayton, Ohio. He reared six children, and three of his sons, Timothy, Lyman and Alvin, were soldiers in the Union army, the first two being members of the forty-fourth Ohio Regiment band. They enlisted in 1861, and were so unfortunate as to be taken prisoners and Timothy was confined in the famous Libby warehouse, while Lyman languished and suffered for seventeen months in the dreadful pens of Andersonville. In spite of all their hardships the three brothers lived to return home and to resume their accustomed occupations at the close of the war. Milton, born October 5, 1807, was a farmer, and died near Piqua, Miami county, Ohio, in 1874. One of his sons, William, entered the service of the Union during the civil war, and what his fate was his parents never learned. Isaac N., born August 12, 1812, and now living retired in Piqua, Ohio, not only conducted a farm bur was a successful teacher of music for a long time.
Edmund K. Munger, who was born in Rutland county, Vermont, September 13, 1790, remained with his parents in Ohio until his marriage in 1812, to Mary Cole, a native of Botetourt county, Virginia, born October 15, 1794. The same eyar the young man volunteered his services to his country, but the quota was complete and he was not needed. Settling in Montgomery county, Ohio, he was industriously occupied in the cultivation of a farm until the spring of 1821, when he bought the two hundred acre farm on which the subject of this sketch now resides. In the fall of the same year the family removed to their new home here, and for many years the humble log cabin which the father erected served them as a home. In time the land was reduced to cultivation and in 1835 the brick house in which our subject lives was built. The double room cabin in which they first dwelt was looked upon as almost palatial by their neighbors, and many happy hours were spent in the hospitable abode. The brick house, likewise, was one of the first erected of that material in the county, and travelers and those in search of a home and location were directed to this place, where, as it was known far and near, liberal and hearty hospitality was ever to be found. Politically Edmund K. Munger was a Whig and Republican. Reared in the tenets of the Presbyterian church by parents who were extremely strict, he never became identified with any church, though his life was above reproach and his actions were consistent with the teachings of Christianity. He lived to a good old age, dying June 10, 1872. His faithful wife, who was a member of the Baptist church, died September 9, 1853. She went with her parents, Samuel and Catherine (Bryan) Cole, from Virginia to Montgomery county early in this century. The father, who was a wagon-maker by trade, came to this locality in 1826 and settled upon a small tract of land north of Bentonville, where he plied his calling and cultivated his farm. Late in life he and his wife lived with their children, he dying January 1, 1849, and she September 7, 1844. Both were active members of the Christian church. Their children were: John, Philip, Jacob, Andrew, M. B., William, Elizabeth (now Mrs. T. Munger) and Mary.
Eunice, the eldest child of Edmund and Mary Munger, was born in Ohio, February 24, 1814, and she never married. She was a member of the Baptist church and died, happy in her faith, February 5, 1884. Norman, the eldest son, born August 28, 1815, was a representative farmer of Wayne county, where his death took place April 30, 1885. Margaret, born June 12, 1817, married William Manlove, who was the first white child born in Posey township, his birth having taken place in 1815. Truman, born December 14 ,1818, lived on farms in Henry and Rush counties, dying at his home in the last mentioned county, January 17, 1857. Elizabeth, born May 4, 1821, married Samuel S. Ewing, of Ohio. He was a carpenter by trade and engaged in surveying and farming, in Wayne county, Indiana. Samuel, born March 6, 1824, learned the carpenter’s trade, and after his marriage settled on an Illinois farm, where he remained until his death, August 18, 1896. He was a leader in the Christian church and Sunday-school, and was highly esteemed by all who knew him. Martha, born April 6, 1827, became the wife of M. B. Vandegrift, a blacksmith, and died March 6, 1880, leaving three children. Mary, born April 30, 1829, and now a resident of Anderson, Indiana, married William T. Hensley, of Fayette county. Lazarus and Edmund are the next of the family. Louisa, the youngest, born May 31, 1836, died June 1, 1843.
Lazarus Munger was born September 11, 1831, in Posey township, on the old homestead which he now owns. In the district schools he obtained a fair education, and under his father’s instruction he acquired a practical knowledge of farming when a mere boy. After the death of the parents, Lazarus and Edmund and three sisters lived together and carried on the work of the farm. Then, when two of the sisters married and the third died, our subject chose a wife. His brother remains unmarried, and has always been associated with him in business. Having accumulated a little capital they invested it in 1863, in one hundred and twenty-one acres of the homestead, and in August, 1882, our subject bought the other’s share. Edmund Munger, who is an energetic business man, has been interested in various things besides farming, and has acted as agent for different concerns, among them being the Union National Building & Loan Association, of Indianapolis, and the Wayne International Building & Loan Association, of Cambridge City. For both of these companies he has transacted a large amount of business, and still represents them. His capital he invests in good securities of various kinds, and his integrity and square dealing are undoubted. He has always made him home and headquarters at his birth-place, being a valued member of our subject’s household. For several years he has devoted much attention to the buying of shorthorn cattle and Poland-China hogs, frequently going into neighboring states in search of especially fine specimens. Lazarus Munger, likewise, is interested in high-grade live stock, and always keeps large herds of shorthorns and Poland-China hogs. He has added to his original purchase of land until he now owns five hundred and eighteen acres, all of which is under fine cultivation. His prosperity is well deserved, and is the direct result of application, sound judgment and perseverance in a line of action when once determined upon. He has upheld the Republican principles, and, though he has attended conventions in the county and state and has endeavored to advance the interests of the party, he never has been prevailed upon to accept a public office of importance, and though often urged to become a candidate for the legislature has persistently refused. He has served his own township as assessor, with credit to himself and friends, but has no desire for public office.
On the 10th of September, 1866, the marriage of Lazarus Munger and Miss Savanna Ferguson was solemnized. She is a daughter of Linville and Elizabeth (Loder) Ferguson, whose history appears elsewhere in this work. She was born February 8, 1843, and is one of five brothers and sisters, the others being, Oliver, now a resident of Milton; Elmer, who died at the age of twelve years; Mrs. Emma Thornburg; and Charley, who owns and carries on the old homestead which belonged to his father. The latter, who was one of the most successful stock dealers of this section of Indiana, himself cleared about five hundred acres of land, and divided fifteen hundred acres among his children. He was very prominent in every way, acting in public offices, and for twenty-three years was connected with the Cambridge City national Bank, being its president for fifteen years.
The union of Mr. and Mrs. Munger was blessed with two daughters and one son, namely: Lorena M., born March 5, 1869, and now the wife of Philip F. Weaver, a farmer; Warren H., born February 20, 1878; and Helen E., born October 1, 1879. The younger daughter and the son are students in Earlham College, and are receiving excellent training for the serious duties of life.
Biographical and Genealogical History of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties, Indiana
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
EPHRAIM DERBYSHIRE, M. D.
Doctor Derbyshire is not only a leading physician of Indiana, but stands as a representative of one of the old and honored families of the state, the name having been identified with the annals of American history from pre-Revolutionary times and having ever stood for the stanchest integrity and honor in all the relations of life. The Doctor is a native of Franklin county, having been born near Laurel, on the 17th of February, 1846, a son of James A. and Hannah (Palmer) Derbyshire.
The Derbyshire family is of stanch old English stock, and records extant show that representatives of the name settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, prior to the war of the Revolution, the old family homestead having been located near the town of Yardley, that county. In this old Pennsylvania homestead both the grandfather and the father of the Doctor were born. The former, Alexander D. Derbyshire, passed his entire life in his native county, and he died in the old ancestral home mentioned. He was a weaver by trade, but he devoted the greater part of his life to agricultural pursuits.
James Alexander Derbyshire, the father of the Doctor, was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, on the 24th of April, 1817, the son of Alexander Derbyshire, who was likewise a native of the same county, as has already been noted, his death occurring at the age of sixty-five years, while his wife passed away when James A. was a child of but three years. On the old homestead James A. Derbyshire grew to maturity, receiving such educational advantages as were afforded by the public schools, and preparing himself for the active duties of life by learning the trade of carpenter. In 1836 his brother-in-law, Joel Palmer, came from Pennsylvania to Indiana to engage in the construction of the Whitewater canal, and in connection with this work Mr. Derbyshire was induced to come to the state in the succeeding year, 1837. His brother-in-law was a contractor, and Mr. Derbyshire found employment with him, being engaged in the construction of locks and bridges on the canal, continuing to be thus employed until work on the canal was suspended. He then turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, having for several years carried on farming operations on rented land in Posey township, Franklin county, where he has ever since continued to reside. In 1846 he purchased his present farm, which is located on section 20, and his enterprise and sound judgment conserved the success of his efforts, and he has been long recognized as one of the representative men of the county, being held in the highest confidence and esteem in the community where he has so long resided.
In the year 1842 was solemnized the marriage of James A. Derbyshire and Hannah Palmer, daughter of Ephraim Palmer. and they became the parents of seven children, two of whom are now deceased. We here give a brief record concerning the children: Oscar is a resident of Laurel, this county; Ephraim is the immediate subject of this review; Albert and Alexander are residents of the state of Oregon; Caroline is the wife of Prof. Felix Shelling, of the University of Pennsylvania; Elizabeth became the wife of John Withers, and her death occurred several years ago; and William P. died in infancy. Mrs. Derbyshire had been in declining health for some time, and in the hope of relief she went to California in 1886, being shortly afterward joined by her husband. They continued to reside in California for a year, but with no appreciable or permanent benefit to the health of Mrs. Derbyshire. They accordingly returned to their home in Indiana, and the devoted wife and mother survived but a short time after her arrival, her death occurring in Connersville.
In his political adherency Mr. Derbyshire has long rendered a stanch allegiance to the Republican party and the principles and policies for which it stands sponsor. He was originally a Democrat, but left the ranks of that party at the time of the organization of the Republican party and gave his support to its presidential candidate, John C. Fremont. In earlier years he took quite an active part in local political affairs, and served for some time as a justice of the peace. In his religious views he holds to the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is a member. Fraternally he has been long and conspicuously identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being one of the oldest members of that organization in the state. He was initiated into its mysteries in 1839, and has thus been a member for the long term of sixty years. He has on many occasions represented his lodge in the grand lodge of the state, having been a delegate as lately as 1898. On this occasion he received much attention and fraternal deference as a veteran member of the order and as the oldest representative present. Mr. Derbyshire has ever been held in the highest esteem in the community, has ordered his life on a high plane, and is honored as one of the venerable pioneers of the county.
Dr. Ephraim Derbyshire, son of the venerable gentleman whose life history has just been briefly outlined, was reared on the old homestead in Posey township, securing his preliminary educational discipline in the public schools, after which he completed a course of academic studies in the old Brookville College. After leaving school he learned the tinner's trade, to which he devoted his attention for a time. His ambition and natural predilections, however, prompted him to seek a wider and higher field of endeavor. His ambition was distinctly one of action, and he determined to prepare himself for the medical profession. He began his technical studies in the line, and in 1873-4 he took the course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College. Thus thoroughly fortified by careful and discriminating study, he began the practice of his chosen profession in New Salem, Rush county, Indiana, where he remained until 1880, haying built up an excellent practice and established a reputation as an able and skillful practitioner. Desiring to still farther perfect himself for the work of his profession, he then matriculated in the Medical College of Indiana, at Indianapolis, where he completed the full course of study, graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1881.
Immediately after his graduation the Doctor located in Bentonville, Fayette county, this state, where he continued in the active and successful practice of his profession until 1897, when he located in Connersville, where his prestige and success have been equally marked. He has a deep appreciation of the responsibilities of his laborious and exacting profession, and not only does he keep fully abreast of the advances made in the sciences of medicine and surgery, but he is animated by that lively sympathy and geniality of nature which are so essential in the true physician. The Doctor is a member of the State Medical Society and also the district association, and at the present time he is the incumbent as secretary of the county board of health. For the past thirty-five years Dr. Derbyshire has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in whose work he has a deep and abiding interest.
The marriage of the Doctor was celebrated in the year 1868, when he was united to Miss Amy C. French, of Decatur county, Indiana. They became the parents of two children, one of whom is deceased. The surviving child, Catherine, gives additional brightness in the home which is the center of a cultured and refined hospitality. The Doctor and his family enjoy a distinctive popularity in the little city of their home. Reverting, in conclusion, to the Doctor's father, James A. Derbyshire, we may say that be is conceded to be the oldest Odd Fellow in the state, and on the occasion of the meeting or the grand lodge, at Indianapolis, in 1898, that distinguished body voted him a medal in honor of his long and prominent service in the fraternity. Mr. Derbyshire's fine farm comprises two hundred acres, under most effective cultivation and equipped with substantial improvements. On his farm are the locally famed Derbyshire falls, which are known for their picturesque beauty, attracting many visitors to the place.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
CAPTAIN THOMAS DOWNS
For many years an active factor in the industrial interests of Connersville, Captain Thomas Downs, through his diligence, perseverance and business ability acquired a handsome competence, and also contributed to the general prosperity through the conduct of enterprises which furnished employment to many reliability in all trade transactions, loyalty to all duties of citizenship, fidelity in the discharge of every trust reposed in him, these are his chief characteristics, and through the passing years they have gained to him the unqualified confidence and respect of his fellow townsmen.
Captain Downs was born in Anderson, Indiana, and is of Irish descent, but at an early day the family was founded in America, and the grandfather, Thomas Downs, removed from his native state of Maryland to Fleming county, Kentucky, in 1800. Thirty years later he became a resident of Franklin county, Indiana, where he continued farming, which he had made his life work until called to his final rest. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Ruth House, was a native of Kentucky, and in their family were three sons and two daughters. Hezekiah Downs, the father of the Captain, was born in Kentucky in 1818, and went with his parents to Rush county at the age of twelve. Through much of his life he followed farming in Madison county, this state, but in 1862 brought his family to Connersville and here his last days were passed. He died in 1882, at the age of sixty-four years.
Captain Downs received his scholastic training in Madison county, and in May, 1862, when only sixteen years of age enlisted, at Anderson, for service in the civil war, becoming a member of Company K, Fifty-fourth Indiana Infantry. On the expiration of his three-months term he re-enlisted, October 2, 1862, becoming a member of Company K, Sixteenth Indiana Infantry, continuing at the front until November 10, 1865, when, the war having ended, he was honorably discharged at Vicksburg. He was with the Army of the Cumberland and participated in the Vicksburg campaign and the Red river expedition. After the former he was ill for three months with typhoid fever, but with this exception he was always found at his post of duty, faithfully performing every service allotted to him, whether upon the field of bat¬tle or on the picket line during the silent watches of the night.
When the country no longer needed his services Captain Downs came to Connersville, where he has since made his home. For many years he engaged in contracting and building. He was alone in business until January 1, 1874, when he became a rnember of the firm of Andre, Stewart & Company, contractors and builders and owners and operators of a planing-mil1. A year later he purchased the interests of his partners, with the exception of Mr. Stewart, and the firm of Stewart & Downs was organized. This relation was maintained for a year, when Mr. Stewart sold his interest to Mr. Martin, and in 1877, by the admission of Mr. Wait to an interest in the business, the firm of Martin, Downs & Company was established. In 1878 they sold the planing-mill to L. T. Bower, but Mr. Downs and Mr. Wait continued together in the contracting and building business. Subsequently they purchased the planing-mill of Martin & Ready, and Mr. Ready bought a third interest in the business, operations being carried on under the style of Downs, Ready & Company until January 1, 1899, when the Captain withdrew. This firm ran a very extensive planing-mill and did the largest contracting and building business in the city for many years. Many of the finest residences and other buildings of Connersville stand as monuments to the enterprise, thrift and ability of Captain Downs, whose commendable efforts made his success well merited.
Into other fields of endeavor also has he directed his energies and his wise counsel and sound judgment have contributed to the success of a number of the leading business concerns of the city. He is a director of the Fayette Banking Company and is a director of the Central Manufacturing Company, which he aided in organizing in 1898, serving as its president the first year. He is a member and director of the Fayette Building & Loan Association, of which he served as president for a number of years. On the 16th of July, 1898, he was appointed assistant quartermaster in the United States Army, with the rank of captain. He was stationed at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, one of the largest and oldest military posts and distributing stations in the country, having been established in 1827, and entered upon the duties of the office August 8, 1898. He is now stationed at Fort Stevens, Oregon.
On the 10th of November, 1866, Mr. Downs was united in marriage to Miss Mary J. Eisemann, of Connersville, and their children are: Florence; Susan J., wife of Charles A. Rieman, a florist of Connersville and superintendent of the city cemetery; Augusta, wife of J. P. Rhoads, who is employed at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri; William, who died in 1888, at the age of seventeen years; and George, a graduate of Purdue University. The Captain maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his membership in Connersville Post, No. 126, G. A. R., and is now serving as its commander. He also belongs to Otonka Tribe, No. 94, I. O. R. M.; Warren Lodge, No. 17, F. & A. M.; and Maxwell Chapter, R. A. M. An ardent advocate of the principles of the Republican party, he does all in his power to promote its growth and insure its success. He has served as a member of the city council and was on the school board for nine years, acting at different times as its secretary, treasurer and president. The cause of education finds in him a warm friend, who has effectively advanced its interests, and other measures for the public good receive his hearty support and co-operation. He possesses a social nature and jovial disposition, and the circle of his friends is almost co-extensive with the circle of his acquaintances.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
FRANCIS M. BILBY
The subject of this sketch, Francis M. Bilby, of Connersville, Indiana, is one of the prominent and influential farmers and stock dealers of Fairview township. He is a native of Fayette county and bas been identified with it all his life. He was born June 5, 1830, son of Stephen C. and Jane (Ludlow) Bilby, and is of English descent. His grandfather Bilby came from England to America on board a pirate ship, by surprise, during the Revolutionary period, and fought for independence in the American army. After the war he settled in Pennsylvania, where his death occurred some years later. His children were John, of Ohio; Joseph, of Terre Haute, Indiana; Stephen C., father of the subject of this sketch; Richard and Mrs. Lois Johnson.
Stephen C. Bilby grew to manhood in Ohio and was married there, and in 1828 came to Indiana, settling in Fayette county. He subsequently entered land in the new purchase at Indianapolis, where he improved a farm. This farm he sold in 1856 and at that time purchased a small farm in Harrison township, where he passed the closing years of his life, his death occurring in 1873. His wife died in 1883, at the home of her son, Francis M. They were old-school Presbyterians, strict in their religious views, and plain and unassuming in manner. By trade Stephen C. Bilby was a blacksmith, and through the greater part of his life followed it, in connection with his farming operations.
The Ludlow's were New Jersey people, and it was in that state that Mrs. Bilby was born. She was reared and married in Ohio, to which place her parents emigrated and where they passed the rest of their lives and died. Their family comprised four children: Henry, John, Jane and Osa, the last named the wife of Mr. S. Phipps. Stephen C. and Jane (Ludlow) Bilby were the parents of seven children, as follows: Mrs. Julia A. Wallace; Mrs. Viola Moffit; Salona, who died at the age of seventeen years; Francis M., whose name introduces this sketch; Albert G., at resident of Wayne county, Indiana; Jasper, deceased, left a family; and Mrs. Elizabeth Lesord, deceased.
Francis M. Bilby was reared on his father's farm. After completing his studies ion the common schools, he taught school and with the proceeds attended Fairview Academy, in this way obtaining a good education. He remained a member of his father’s house until his marriage, in December, 1854, when he settled on a rented farm. He farmed rented land for eleven years. During this time careful economy and honest industry enabled him to jay by a snug little sum, and in 1865 he purchased the farm upon which he has since lived. He has made additional purchases from time to time until his landed estate now comprises over one thousand acres, in Fayette and Delaware counties. Mr. Bilby has always carried on general farming and stock-raising, and since 1850 has dealt more or less in stock, sometimes buying in large quantities and shipping to market, taking a pride in handling only the best the county afforded. While his operations have in the main been successful, he has had his full share of misfortune, meeting with losses in many ways. He has lost by cholera as many as a thousand hogs. Throughout his whole career Mr. Bilby's transactions have always been strictly on the square. He has never defrauded anyone out of a single penny and he has reason to take just pride in his high standing among the capitalists of the country, who regard his word as good as his bond.
Mr. Bilby married Miss Dorcas A. Etherton, daughter of Stout Etherton, of Ohio, who came to Indiana about 1832 and bought and improved a farm in Fayette county. Mr. Etherton died in Milton, Indiana. He was known as a Whig in early life and was a supporter of the Republican party from the time of its organization. Religiously he was a Baptist. His children were Charles, Joseph, Aaron and Dorcas A. by his first wife. Charles and Aaron died in early life. Joseph was a volunteer in the Union army during the civil war and died in the army. By his second wife Mr. Etherton had the following named children: Margaret, Mary, Sarah, Nancy, Adeline, Samuel and Sophia. After the death of his second wife, whose maiden name was Rachael Martin, Mr. Etherton married her sister, Sarah Martin. There were no children by this union. Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Bilby are the parents of ten children, whose names in order of birth are as follows: Charles and Emerson, farmers; Florence, who was the wife of Alva Hardy, died, leaving three children; Mrs. Clara Kendry; Elmar, a farmer; Mary Anna, wife of E. Williams; and Alva E., Morton, Palmer W. and Sherman, all farmers.
Mr. Bilby affiliates with the Republican party and takes an interest in public affairs, but has never been an aspirant for political favors, nor has he ever filled office of any kind, his own extensive business affairs occupying the whole of his time and attention.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
ENOS M. McCREADY
Enos M. McCready, of Falmouth, Indiana, is an ex-sheriff of Fayette county, Indiana, and is one of its representative farmers. Mr. McCready is a native of the Keystone state. He was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, August 10, 1836, a son of Pennsylvania parents, Samuel and Rebecca A. (Taylor) McCready. Samuel McCready was a son of Samuel McCready, Sr., a native of the north of Ireland, who came to America with his parents and settled in Pennsylvania, where he worked at the trade of carpenter. In 1837 Samuel McCready, and his son Samuel, came to Indiana and located at Fairfield, in Franklin county. The elder Samuel McCready died at the home of his son in 1845. His children in order of birth were John, Nancy, Elizabeth, George, Samuel, Rachel and Isaac. John, the first of the family to come west, located in Hamilton, Ohio, and a few years later came over into Indiana and settled in Franklin county. Other members of the family scattered in different states and some of them subsequently came to Indiana. Samuel, at the time he came to Indiana from Pennsylvania, had only limited means. He settled at Fairfield, as already stated. and during the first years of his residence there followed the trade of shoemaker. Later he bought a farm in Posey township, Franklin county, but sold out not long afterward and moved to Orange township, Fayette county, where he bought a farm and lived three years. His next move was to Blooming Grove township, Franklin county, where he continued his residence a number of years. After his wife died and his family scattered he sold out and moved to Iowa. He subsequently returned to Indiana, and died at Fayetteville, Fayette county, February 15, 1880, at the age of sixty-eight years. He was an active member of the Methodist Episcopal church, from time to time filling its various offices, and for years his house was the home of the Methodist preacher, who always found a cordial welcome at Brother McCready’s. His wife, Rebecca A., was a daughter of Francis Taylor, who was of Scotch descent and a native of Pennsylvania. The Taylors were Presbyterians. Mrs. McCready was the only one of the family that came to Indiana. Samuel and Rebecca A. McCready were the parents of the fol1owing named children: Enos Miller, whose name introduces this sketch; Sarah, who has been twice married, her first husband being a Mr. Price and her second husband John Curry; Rachel, who died in infancy; Ray, deceased, left a wife and one child; John W., a Union soldier in the civil war, died in the service; James, deceased, was a railroad man; Joseph L., resides with his brother, the subject of this sketch; and George is located in the far west.
Enos Miller McCready was reared on a farm from his eleventh year and remained a member of the home circle until he was twenty-two. At that age he started out in life to do for himself. In 1861, in answer to his country's call for volunteers to help put down the southern rebellion, he enlisted, at Connersville, as a member of the Forty-first Indiana Regiment, Second Cavalry, which was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, under General Nelson. Mr. McCready's first battle was at Green river, and with his command he was on active duty through the south. At Gallatin, Tennessee, he was wounded in the right leg, from the effects of which he has never recovered, the wound resulting in a running sore. He remained with his command, however, keeping to his post of duty notwithstanding the wound. At the time his regiment was captured at Hartsville, Tennessee, he, with five others, was absent on detailed duty and thus escaped capture. During the whole of his army service he was home on a furlough only seven days. Four months after the term of his enlistment had expired he was sent to Indianapolis and mustered out, receiving an honorable discharge in October, 1864.
At the close of his army service Mr. McCready returned to Franklin county, where he was married soon afterward and settled on a rented farm. He farmed for several years successfully on rented land, on his father's farm and on land which he bought. Selling out, he moved to Mount Carmel and engaged in the grocery business. Also at the same time he was for four years postmaster at that place. Honest to the letter himself, he trusted others too much, the result being that he lost the major portion of what he had saved. From Mount Carmel he carne to Connersville and for a time was employed in the pork house. Turning again to agricultural pursuits, he rented land for several years and then accepted the position of superintendent of the county infirmary, which place he filled acceptably for three years. In 1890 he was elected sheriff of Fayette county, was re-elected in 1892, and served in that office four years, giving entire satisfaction to the officers and law-abiding people of the county. The proceeds of his office he invested in land, buying the one hundred and twenty-five acres where he Jives and another tract consisting of forty acres. The year after his term of office had expired he spent in settling up a shoe business for which he was assignee. Then he moved to his present farm. He is a man of sterling integrity, and the old saying, oft quoted, "His word is as good as his bond," may be applied to him without fear of contradiction.
He married Miss Ernaline Brothers, a native of Franklin county, Indiana, born September 14, 1841, daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Swift) Brothers, natives respectively of North Carolina and Maryland. Benjamin Brothers was the elder of two children. Their mother dying when they were young and a stepmother later coming into the home, Benjamin and his sister, when the latter was twelve years old, came to Indiana, where she subsequently became the wife of Harrison Lynn. Benjamin learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed in Franklin county, where he spent the rest of his life and died, the date of his death being July 17, 1852. He was a strong temperance advocate and a leading member of the Methodist Episcopal church. His widow became the wife of Thomas Genn. She died in 1893. There were no children by her second marriage. The two children by Mr. Bruthers were Hannah and Ernaline, the former dying in infancy, the latter being the wife of Mr. McCready. Mr. and Mrs. McCready have had the following named children: Frank, a traveling salesman for the Parry Manufacturing Company, of Indianapolis, with headquarters at Kansas City; Clara B., wife of V. M. Mendenhall, of New Castle, Indiana, died August 27, 1892, without issue; Benjamin F., a traveling salesman for the McFarlan Carriage Works, of Connersville, has his headquarters at Des Moines, Iowa; Birta B., wife of Harry Bragg, of Connersville; and Tina, at home.
Mr. McCready affiliates with the Republican party politically, and fraternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Grand Army of the Republic.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
The subject of this review is a well known farmer of Posey township, Fayette county, Indiana, whose skill and ability in his chosen calling are plainly manifest in the well tilled fields and neat and thrifty appearance of his place. He was born November 2I, 1840, on the farm where he still resides, and early in life he became familiar with every department of farm work. His early education, acquired in the common schools, was supplemented by a course in the Fairview Academy.
Our subject is a representative of one of the pioneer families of the county, being a grandson of William and Prudence (Cook) Manlove, natives of South Carolina, who, with their two children, took up their residence in what is now Posey township, about 1812. After a short residence here the grandfather went to Cincinnati, with a team, for supplies, and while there contracted the cholera, from which he died on the way home. His widow and six children were thus left almost destitute in a new and wild country, but the former managed to keep her family together. She made a desperate effort to secure a home for them by taking up a tract of government land, on which she erected a cabin and cleared three or four acres. She hoped soon to get the money to enter the land, but one of her neighbors, John Hueston, a money-loaner, entered it and took it from her. She afterward married James McKonkey, of Irish descent, who entered land and improved a farm. He was a very stern man, and the Manlove children, not being able to stand his tyranny, soon left home. They were Cynthia, who became the wife of John Miller; Phoebe, wife of John Stevens; Jesse, father of our subject, who was the second white child born in Fayette county; Absalom, who located near Jesse; Alfred, who died young; and William, a resident of Fayette county. By her second marriage the mother had three children: Eli, Sophrona, wife of Reuben Allen, and Thomas.
Jesse Manlove, father of our subject, was born April 13, 1815, and on leaving home was compelled to work for the small wages of fifty cents per day at hard labor, but his determination to make for himself a home gave him energy, and he steadily persevered until the end was accomplished. Saving his well earned money, he purchased eighty acres of land, of which a few acres had been poorly cleared, while some fruit trees had been set out and a cabin erected upon the place. He kept adding to his original purchase until he had three hundred and twenty acres of fine land, which he placed under a high state of cultivation and improved with good buildings, including a commodious two-story frame house. He gave his entire attention to farming and stock-raising, feeding most of the products of his farm to his stock. In early days he drove his hogs to the Cincinnati market and walked home, carrying his money with him. It often required thirty days to make the trip. Politically he was an ardent Democrat, and religiously was a consistent member of the Primitive Baptist church. His life in all respects was above reproach, he was ever a friend of the poor and needy, and the latch-string on his door always hung out. Mr. Manlove married Miss Lana A. Colvin, who was born in Rush county, Indiana, January 8, 1819, a daughter of Boswell and Lydia (Hatfield) Colvin. Her father, who was a shoemaker and stone-mason by trade, came to this state from Kentucky at an early day and spent the remainder of his life here. His children were Lana A.; John; Levi; Charles; Mrs. Hannah Vernon; William; Nancy, wife of William Sprong; Owen; Sarah, wife of N. Williams; Mary, wife of James Sprong; Lewis and Mrs. Lydia A. Fouts, twins; and Jane, who died young. Mrs. Manlove also was an earnest member of the Primitive Baptist church. By her marriage she became the mother of eleven children, namely: Francis M., a resident of Missouri; Alfred, our subject; Levi, who died leaving a wife and one child; Jane, who married N. Cummins and died April 5, 1879; William A., a resident of Missouri; Lydia A., who married J. Stephens and died February 18, 1876; John H., a farmer; Absalom, who died February 4, 1890, leaving a wife and three children; Prudence E. and Jesse, who both died young; and Sarah C., wife of C. Jackson.
During his boyhood and youth the subject of this sketch attended school during the winter and assisted his father with the labors of the farm through the summer months. After attaining his majority he engaged in teaching school to some extent and followed farming on his own account. After his marriage, in 1867, he bought a small farm and located thereon, but the following year purchased the old homestead of his father and has since resided there. To his first purchase of eighty acres he has added forty more, and has successfully engaged in general farming and stock-raising.
In 1867 Mr. Manlove was united in marriage with Miss Hettie R. Rea, who was born in Fayette county, May 18, 1844, and is a daughter of Daniel and Lucinda (Hines) Rea, natives of Virginia and Indiana, respectively. The father, who was a farmer and blacksmith by occupation, improved a good farm from a heavily timbered tract in Fayette county. He was a man of stern habits, but was a faithful member of the Baptist church, and though a sufferer from rheumatism he bore this misfortune with Christian fortitude. He was first married in Virginia and lost his wife after coming to this state. By that union he had ten children: Elizabeth J., Mary F., Martha S., Christian, John, James W., David D., Minerva C., and Emeline and Evaline, twins. By the second marriage there were four children: Caroline and Jacob L., who both died young; Hettie R., wife of our subject; and Benjamin F. The father died January 19, 1874, and the mother August 23, 1855. Mr. and Mrs. Manlove have two children. Osman R., born June 9, 1868, received a liberal education as a civil engineer and electrician and is now chief engineer at the school of the feeble-minded at Fort Wayne. Cora L. is now the wife of Elmer Caldwell, a farmer of Fayette county.
Although not a member of any religious denomination, Mr. Manlove endeavors to live up to the teaching of the Primitive Baptist church, in which he was reared, and his life has ever been such as to command the respect and esteem of all who know him. Politically he adheres to the principles of the Democracy and is one of the leaders of the party in his section of the county. He keeps well posted on the questions and issues of the day, has served as a delegate to judicial and county conventions, and most creditably and satisfactorily served as trustee of his township for one term, but did not have any desire to serve longer.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
JOHN H. TYNER
An energetic and progressive farmer and honored citizen of Posey township is John H. Tyner, who has spent his entire life in Fayette county, his birth occurring in Harrison township, October 3, 1821. His parents, John and Fanny (Martin) Tyner, were born, reared and married in South Carolina. The family was one of prominence in that state, its representatives being mostly planters. The paternal grandfather was killed in the Revolutionary war. Three of his sons, William, and John and James (twins), came to Indiana in 1816 and located in Fayette county, where they entered land from the government and improved farms.
John Tyner, the father of our subject, entered three hundred and twenty acres in Harrison township, and from the wild land developed a fine farm, on which he spent the remainder of his life. He was one of the most prominent and influential farmers and stock-raisers of his day, and in his undertakings met with well deserved success. He was broad-minded and liberal, public-spirited and enterprising, and was a genial and entertaining companion. By his ballot he supported the Democratic party. He always refused to become a candidate for office, though often solicited by his friends to accept that of county commissioner. He was an earnest and faithful member of the Primitive Baptist church, and served as deacon in the same. His wife's brothers were Stephen Martin, William Martin and George Martin; Stephen lived in Franklin county, and William and George in Fayette county. Our subject is the youngest of a family of ten children, the others being Drury, who died in Wabash county, Indiana; Mrs. Serena Kolb; Nancy, wife of J. A. Cook; James, who died in Hancock county; Emily, wife of D. Gordon; Stephen, who died in Tipton county; Anna, wife of F. Taylor; Mehitable, who died young; Milton, who died in Harrison township, Fayette county.
John H. Tyner, whose name introduces this sketch, passed his early life upon his father's farm, attending the subscription schools taught in an old log school-house for three months during the winter and assisting his father during the remainder of the year. The latter died when John H. was small, but he continued with his mother until she too was called to her final rest, and as soon as large enough he took charge of the homestead. In 1840 he was married, and about two years later the mother died, at which time the estate was amicably divided by the heirs. Soon afterward Mr. Tyner purchased eighty acres of heavily timbered land. and after erecting a cabin thereon he commenced to clear and improve the place, which required much hard labor. As his financial resources increased he bought more land, and now has a fine farm, whereon he has successfully engaged in general farming and stock-raising.
Mr. Tyner was married in 1840 to Miss Mary Carver, a daughter of Lewis and Mehitable (Castiline) Carver, natives of New Jersey, where they were married. In 1822 they removed to Steuben county, New York, where the father engaged in farming for ten years, and then came to Fayette county, Indiana. Purchasing a farm near Bentonville, he engaged in agricultural pursuits here for several years, and on selling out moved to Madison county, where he purchased another farm. on a portion of which the town of Orestes now stands. There his death occurred. His occupation through life was farming, and he met with a fair degree of success. He was a strong Democrat and was well posted on the leading issues of the day. He wielded considerable influence in his party, but would never accept office. He was a loving husband and an indulgent father, and lived amicably with all men, never suing nor having been sued by anyone. Both he and his estimable wife were faithful members of the Primitive Baptist church. To this worthy couple were born eleven children, namely: Mary, wife of our subject; Rebecca, wife of S. Wickston; Charlotte, who first married Thomas Stanley and second W. Willitts; Orin, a resident of Kansas; Rachel, wife of J. Harris; Sarah, who died when a young lady; Hulda; Calvin, a resident of Kansas; Lloyd, a railroad man; Zil1a, wife of I. Ellis; and Byron, a farmer of Fayette county, Indiana.
Mr. and Mrs. Tyner were living at their beautiful country home, in the full enjoyment of well spent lives, surrounded by a host of warm and admiring friends, when, on the 1st day of October, 1899, Mrs. Tyner passed away in death. Religiously she held membership in the Primitive Baptist church, as does also her husband. Mr. Tyner is a leader in all social and political matters of his township, and although a strong Democrat he votes at local elections for the ones whom he considers the best men, regardless of party ties. He has been chosen to fill several positions of honor and trust, and for fourteen years served as township trustee, with credit to himself and to the perfect satisfaction of his constituents. During that time he saved for the township considerable in the building of school-houses and on all public works.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
RICHARD W. SIPE, M. D.
For a period of thirty-five years the subject of this sketch, Dr. Richard W. Sipe, has been engaged in the practice of medicine at Fayetteville, Fayette county, Indiana, and his name is a household word in the homes of this community. His long identification with this place and his prominence here, entitle him to more than a passing notice in a work of this character, devoted as it is to a portrayal of the lives of representative men and women of the county.
Richard W. Sipe was born in Jefferson county, Indiana, on his father's farm, April 8, 1840, son of William I. and Mary J. (Wasson) Sipe, and on the maternal side is of Scotch origin. Richard Wasson, his grandfather, was a Scotchman and was educated at Glasgow for the ministry of the Covenanter church. After coming to America he located in Pennsylvania, and because of his deep interest in the political matters of that state he was not allowed to preach there. Seeking a home further west, he came to the territory of Indiana and took up his abode in Jefferson county, where he was soon recognized as one of the leading spirits of the frontier community. He filled some prominent political positions. When the canal and locks were built at Louisville, he was a sub-contractor and did his part toward pushing along that enterprise. He had settled on a farm, and in connection with his farming operations dealt in stock and produce, taking the same down the river to New Orleans to market. While on one of his marketing trips he was drowned. His family consisted of six children, namely: John, Thomas, Samuel, Richard, Mary J. and Eliza. Two of his sons died while in the service of their country during the civil war. William I. Sipe, the father of Doctor Sipe, was born in Jefferson county, Indiana, the son of William Sipe, who came from Ohio to Indiana in its territorial days and located in Jefferson county, where he reared his family. He was an unassuming farmer, honorable and upright in all his dealings. He died in Jefferson county. William Sipe had six children, in order of birth as follows: William I., Henry, David, Ann, Lizzie and Margaret. The old homestead of William Sipe is still owned by members of the family. William I. Sipe, like his father, passed his life in the quiet of farm pursuits, honest in all his dealings with his fellow men, and never seeking notoriety of any kind. He died in 1886, his wife having passed away the year previous. Both were members of the United Presbyterian church. Following is the record of their children: John, a wood-carver by trade, was killed in the battle of Stone river; Richard W., whose name heads this sketch; Fred, a farmer and a veteran of the civil war; and Thomas and James, both also veterans of that war, the latter now engaged in farming.
Richard W. Sipe was reared on his father's farm in Jefferson county and had the advantage of a good education. His early training was in the common schools. He was one year in school at Louisville, Kentucky, and four years at Hanover College, and for two years he taught school, one year in Kentucky and one in Indiana. At the early age of seventeen he decided upon the medical profession for his life work, and at that time was for a while a student in the office of Doctor Morrison at Lexington, Indiana. Later he had Doctor Copeland, of Kent, Indiana, for instructor. In the winter of 1863-4 he attended lectures at the Ohio Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio, returning to Kent and spending the following summer and fall in practice with Doctor Copeland. In November, 1864, he came to Fayetteville, Fayette county, and opened an office, and he has remained here ever since, engaged in the practice of his profession, except the winter of 1872-3, when he took a course in the Indiana Medical College, at Indianapolis, of which he is a graduate. His long professional career has been attended with marked success. His promptness, his sympathetic nature and his generosity are well known factors in his make-up, and those who have known him longest esteem him most highly.
Doctor Sipe is a Republican. He has always taken a deep interest in the political and public affairs of his locality, and while he has never sought official position, was elected township trustee, in which office he served four years.
The Doctor is a man of family. He was married in Jefferson county to Miss Sarah A. Phillips, a native of that county, born November 8, 1844, daughter of William and Nancy (Herron) Phillips, who came from their native state, Kentucky, to this county at an early day. William Phillips died when Mrs. Sipe was quite young, and her widowed mother reared the family and lived to advanced age. Her death occurred in 1889. She was an active member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Her five children, in order of birth, were: David, Scott, Andrew, Mrs. Mary J. McCan and Mrs. Sarah A. Sipe. The three sons served in the civil war. Andrew, who was a prominent physician, is deceased. Doctor and Mrs. Sipe have had six children, viz.: William, a farmer; John, a physician of Carthage, Indiana; Clara, deceased wife of Robert Titsworth, left two children, John R. and Frank L., who are being reared by their grandfather Sipe; Fred, a farmer; Florence, wife of Jesse B. Kennedy, a postal clerk, of Rush county, Indiana; and Richard, a student at home. Doctor and Mrs. Sipe are consistent members of the United Presbyterian church.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago
N. F. PIERCE, M. D.
Fayette county, Indiana, has its full quota of skilled physicians and surgeons, and among them may be noted the subject of this review, N. F. Pierce, of Harrisburg.
Dr. Pierce is a Kentuckian by birth. He was ushered into life in Morgan county, Kentucky, November 23, 1852, son of William S. and Sarah W. Pierce. William S. Pierce was a native of Bourbon county, that state, and was among its prominent citizens, filling numerous positions of trust and responsibility, including that of member of the state legislature, during which service he secured the passage of the bill that brought into existence Menifee county. He served as county judge, was for eight years circuit clerk, and for twelve years was master commissioner of the circuit court of Menifee county, being the incumbent of this last named position at the time of his death. He was in both the Mexican and Civil wars. In the former he was commissioned captain and in the latter he held commissions as major and colonel. After a useful and interesting career he passed away at his home in Kentucky. His wife survived him until 1896. She was a daughter of Thomas D. and Martha (Wells) Perry. Mr. Perry was a farmer and slaveholder of Kentucky and carried on extensive operations there. At the time of her marriage to Mr. Pierce she was the widow of Mr. Gooch, and had one child by him, Martha A. Gooch, who was reared by Mr. Pierce, and who became the wife of Dr. F. M. Carter, of Kentucky. William S. Pierce and his wife were consistent members of the Christian church. Their children, in order of birth, were as follows: Barbara E., deceased, was twice married, first to Joseph Johnson, and after his death to Henry K. Armitage; N. F., whose name introduces this sketch; James W., deceased; Sarah E., deceased; and Rachel F., who was twice married, first to Isaac McGuire, and after his death to R. J. White, editor of the Agitator, at Frenchburg. Kentucky.
Dr. N. F. Pierce was reared on his father's farm and received his early training in the common schools. He took a commercial course in the Southern Business College, at Louisville, Kentucky, and studied law and was admitted to the bar. He was, however, not suited with the practice of law for his life's work, and abandoned it for the medical profession. He began his medical studies in the office of Dr. J. M. Cash, of Hazel Green, Kentucky, and later had Dr. Carter of Mount Sterling, Kentucky, for his instructor. During the winter of 1882-3 he attended lectures at the Louisville Medical College. Afterward he attended lectures at the Kentucky School of Medicine, and took a post-graduate course in the American Medical College of Cincinnati, of which last-named institution he was for four years demonstrator of anatomy. He had an extensive practice before his graduation, which was not until 1889, and after that he returned to Mount Sterling, where he continued practice until March, 1899. At that time he came to Fayette county, Indiana, and purchased what was the Eliza Florea property, and here he established himself in practice and expects to remain permanently. During his professional career in Kentucky he was for ten years physician-in-chief of the county infirmary and for some time was a member of the Board of United States Medical Examiners. He was secretary of the local board of health and of the state board of health, and was a member of the Montgomery County Medical Society. He takes a pride in keeping himself up-to-date in all matters pertaining to his profession, and that he has chosen Harrisburg for his place of abode is reason why the people of this place should congratulate themselves.
Dr. Pierce was first married in 1873 to Miss Cordelia Cassity, a member of a prominent Kentucky family, her parents being Shelton and Caroline (Casky) Cassity. Shelton Cassity was a son of Reuben Cassity and son-in-law of Robert Casky, the last named being a native of Germany, who emi¬grated to this country in early life and settled in Kentucky, where he was a farmer and miller and owned a large number of slaves. Shelton Cassity, a blacksmith and wagonmaker, did an extensive business; he was born and lived and died in Kentucky. His widow is still living. Their children are: Mary J.; Mrs. Martha Cooper; Alice, wife of Albert Wills; and Cordelia, who was the wife of Dr. Pierce. The parents and all the children identified themselves with the Christian church. By this marriage Dr. Pierce had two children, namely: Blanch, wife of A. L. Adams, an attorney-at-law, Frenchburg, Kentucky; and Herman, who is connected with a furniture factory at Connersville. Mrs. Cordelia Pierce died in 1877. In 1879 the Doctor married for his second wife Miss Mary Myers, a graduate of medicine and a woman of much culture. Previously to taking up the study of medicine she was for some time engaged in teaching. She was born in Kentucky August 16, 1856, daughter of John H. and Julia A. (Greenwade) Myers, both natives of that state. Her grandfather, John Myers, was one of the pioneer settlers of Kentucky, where he owned a large tract of land and a number of slaves. He was of German descent. Mrs. Pierce was the second born in a family of eight children, the others being as follows: Sarah, wife of W. B. Howard; John, a resident of Kentucky; Ellen, wife of I. W. Horton; J. C., a farmer of Fayette county, Indiana; Mordecai, of Kentucky; Anna, wife of C. Hazlerigg; and Nannie, at home. Mr. and Mrs. Myers and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. By his present wife Dr. Pierce has one son, Ray H., born August 27. 1887.
Dr. Pierce is associated with numerous fraternal organizations. He is a member of the F. & A. M., I. O. O. F., K. of P. and I. O. R. M. In the Masonic lodge he has fined all the chairs except that of worshipful master; is noble grand elect of the I. O. O. F.; and is past chancellor in the K. of P. and Sir Knight in the uniform rank of that order. He and his wife are members of the Christian church at Harrisburg and are active workers in the Sunday-school.
The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago